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What is the intestinal flora?

What is the intestinal flora?

Mireia Cervera 01 March 2019

The intestinal flora plays a fundamental role in our health and well-being. However, it remains a great unknown . In this post we are going to explain to you in an understandable and summarized way what it is and how we can take care of it.

When we hear the word "bacteria", we all start running. For centuries they have had a very bad press. The truth is that some have earned them hard. Indeed, there are bacteria that cause very serious infections, andeven deadly; they are the so-called pathogens. But not all bacteria are the enemy. In fact, the vast majority of bacteria are good, with so many bacteria around us, if most were pathogens we would not last or un minute alive. There are bacteria in the intestine, in the vagina, in the mouth, in the nose, and also on the skin. All this amazing bacterial world lives on, for and in us, so that there is a relationship in which the two salimbeating you. While we give it shelter and food, these microorganisms perform fundamental functions for our health and well-being.

The intestinal flora is the largest reservoir of microorganisms in our body, and it is being widely studied by many experts who have compiled abundant information on its important functions. Features as remarkable as theto protect our body from potentially harmful microorganisms, control the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal cells, produce vitamins and promote digestion and metabolic processes.

PTo take care of our microbiota, we must bear in mind that a highly varied diet rich in plant fibers is associated with a greater diversity of our intestinal flora, and therefore healthier . Probiotics, ngo> prebiotics and symbiotics are the elements of the diet most studied and best recognized for their beneficial effects on our flora.

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They are living microorganisms that, when taken in adequate quantities, produce a health benefit for us. Probiotics resist passage through the digestive tract and reach the colon alive.

The asMost important facts about probiotics:

  • They are able to survive in the gastrointestinal tract and adhere to the epithelium (the most superficial layer of the intestine).
  • Its properties depend on the species, the strain and the caentities in which they are consumed.
  • They are capable of modulating / changing / improving the intestinal microbiota.
  • They decrease intestinal permeability, making the intestine work properly.
  • Produce changes in the systemimmune, modulating and / or stimulating it and therefore have (or could have) an effect on infections and autoimmune diseases.
  • The type of quantity of bacteria in our flora varies throughout our lives.


They are non-digestible plant substances that can be part of some foods. Once consumed, when they reach the intestine, they serve as food for beneficial bacteria, such as lactobacillus and bifidobacteria, hosted in our intestine.

Foods rich in prebiotics: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seeds ...


Products Containingboth probiotics and prebiotics. Although this combination is still little studied, a synergistic effect between the two has been described when prebiotics stimulate the growth of specific strains, thus contributing to the installation of aSpecific bacterial microflora with beneficial health effects.

Our diet is essential to have a good intestinal microbiota, but it is also essential to "be happy". Our intestinal health, hormonal, immune and emotional are determined by the composition of our intestinal flora. It has happened to all of us. Nervous situations can make our digestive system react. And, on the contrary, the good feelingsin our digestive system they can also translate into better psychological sensations. How many times are we grumpy and have we felt better after eating?

So we could say, albeit a bit simplistic, that

Mireia Cervera Nutritionist Teresa Carles Healthy Foods Group - Flax & Kale